Gum disease FAQs
What is gum disease?
Gum disease is the swelling, soreness or infection of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth.
What is gingivitis?
This is when the gums are inflamed. The gums around your teeth become very red and swollen and often bleed when you brush them.
What is periodontal disease?
Longstanding gingivitis can turn into periodontal disease. There are a number of different types of periodontal disease and they all affect the tissues, which support the teeth. When the disease progresses and is long standing, the bone fixing the teeth to the jaw is lost and this makes the teeth loose. If left untreated, the teeth may eventually fall out.
How do i know i have gum disease?
The problem with gum disease is that it develops painlessly, however when you have red, swollen and bleeding gums, you need to see your dentist as soon as possible. This may also be the cause of bad breath known as halitosis.
What causes gum disease?
All gum disease is caused by plaque. Plaque is a film of bacteria which forms on the surface of the teeth every day. To prevent and treat gum disease, all the plaque on the teeth must be effectively removed by flossing and brushing every day and by cleaning in between the teeth with interdental brushes or dental floss.
How do you treat gum disease?
By treating gum disease one aims to slow down the progression of bone loss. The dentist has to remove and clean teeth very thoroughly in order to remove the scale,plaque and bacteria from the root surfaces of the teeth. This can be done using anaesthetic or without if the plaque accumulation is not too extensive. This treatment is only successful if the patient takes responsibility for their own oral hygiene and does the appropriate and recommended home care to remove plaque thoroughly by brushing and flossing daily.
Dental check – ups
We offer a complete package of treatment solutions for you and your family.
At your first appointment we do a full assessment of your dental health. Once this has been established, we tailor a treatment plan to suit your unique dental needs. Most people are unaware of the causes of dental decay, gum disease or acid erosion of the enamel of the teeth, so our aim is to educate and prevent future problems. We will instruct you on how to look after your teeth and oral health.
Once your oral health has been secured, a maintenance program will be worked out for you that is normally a 6 monthly check up or sometimes even longer.