There are many different periodontal diseases that affect the tissues that support your teeth. If gum disease is allowed to evolve, the bone that fixes your teeth to your jaw can become lost and render teeth loose and susceptible to falling out.
What exactly is gum disease?
Gum disease is characterised by swelling, soreness or infection of the tissues that support your teeth. The 2 principal forms of gum disease are periodontal disease and gingivitis. Let’s break them down….
This refers to inflammation of the gums. If you have gingivitis, your gums will become red and swollen as well as susceptible to bleeding when you are brushing.
Gingivitis evolves into periodontal disease if left untreated. There is more than one type of periodontal disease but all different types affect the tissues that support your teeth. Chronic cases of periodontal disease can cause the bone that anchors your teeth to be lost which in severe cases, will lead to tooth loss.
What are the causes of gum disease?
Every type of gum disease is caused by the build-up of plaque, which is unhealthy bacteria forming on your tooth surfaces. Plaque forms every single day and a lot of the bacteria found in plaque is not harmful but some types will cause gum disease. Brushing and flossing will ensure that any harmful types of plaque are removed each day and not allow it to suffocate your tooth enamel. If you have tenacious plaque than turns into tartar, you will need to visit the hygeisnt to have this removed – you should arrange regular appointments with the hygienist in order to keep an eye on any plaque that is not visible to your own eyes.
Certain lifestyle choices will increase your chances of developing gum disease – these include:
- Pregnancy – you can read more about this here.
- Excessive consumption of alcohol and sugary foods.
Gum disease can leave your teeth looking discoloured. Here at Cornerhouse we offer bespoke tooth whitening treatment that will transform your smile and give you back the confidence you may have lost through having gum disease. You can read more about the tooth whitening process here.
If you would like more information about gum disease and the risks surrounding it, please do not hesitate to contact us.